Tooth bleaching whiten teeth and helps to get rid of discolorations and discoloration. Bleaching is among the most popular cosmetic dental treatments because it can considerably improve how your teeth look. Most dental professionals perform tooth whitening.
Whitening is not a one-time procedure. It will need to be duplicated from time to time if you wish to preserve the better color.
Why Do You Need Whiten Your Teeth?
The outer layer of a tooth is called the enamel. The color of natural teeth is produced by the reflection and scattering of light off the enamel, integrated with the color of the dentin under it. Your genes impact the density and smoothness of the enamel. Thinner enamel enables more of the color of the dentin to reveal through. Having smoother or rougher enamel also impacts the reflection of light and for that reason the color.
See also: How to get rid of yellowing teeth.
Every day, a thin coating (pellicle) forms on the enamel and gets discolorations. Tooth enamel likewise includes pores that can hold discolorations.
The most common factors for teeth to obtain yellow or stained are:
- Using tobacco
- Drinking dark-colored liquids such as coffee, cola, tea
- Not taking great care of your teeth
Aging makes teeth less brilliant as the enamel gets thinner and the dentin becomes darker.
It is also possible to have spots inside the tooth. These are called intrinsic discolorations. For example, intrinsic spots can be caused by direct exposure to excessive fluoride as a child while teeth are establishing. Other causes consist of tetracycline antibiotics. They can stain a child’s teeth if taken by a mom during the 2nd half of pregnancy or by a child who is 8 years old or more youthful. Teeth are still establishing during these years. Trauma may also darken a tooth.
Tooth whitening is most reliable on surface area (extrinsic) discolorations.
How to Be Prepared for Teeth Whitening at Dentist
Other dental issues can affect the success of tooth whitening. For example, cavities have to be treated prior to teeth are whitened. That’s since the whitening option can go through decayed areas and reach the inner parts of the tooth. If your gums have declined, the exposed roots of your teeth may appear yellow or blemished. Bleaching products will not make them whiter.
If you have tooth decay or receding gums, bleaching may make your teeth delicate. Whitening also does not work on ceramic or porcelain crowns or veneers.
Whitening can be carried out in the dental workplace or at home. For in-office whitening, your dental expert most likely will photograph your teeth first. This step will help him or her to keep an eye on the development of the treatment. Your dental practitioner also will examine your teeth and ask you concerns to learn what caused the staining.
Next, the dental practitioner or a dental hygienist will clean your teeth. This will get rid of the film of bacteria, food and other compounds that develop on your teeth and add to the staining. Once this is done, the bleaching procedure starts.
For bleaching at home, your dental professional can make trays to hold the whitening gel that fit your teeth exactly. Home bleaching gel generally needs to be used daily for 2 to 3 weeks. Non-prescription sets likewise are widely offered for home use. They supply trays to hold the gel, or whitening strips that stick to your teeth. Talk with your dental practitioner if you want to use these home items. Be sure to follow instructions to prevent overuse and possible damage to your teeth and mouth.
How Does Dentist Perform Teeth Whitening?
There are two main types of whitening procedures. Vital whitening is carried out on teeth that have live nerves. Non-vital lightening is done on a tooth that has actually had root-canal treatment and no longer has a live nerve.
Vital Whitening at Denstist
The most typical type of vital tooth bleaching uses a gel that is applied straight to the tooth surface area. This product contains some type of hydrogen peroxide.
Tooth whitening can be done in the dental expert’s workplace or at home. In-office lightening enables your dental professional to use a more powerful bleaching gel. A customized light or laser triggers the gel and enables whitening to take place quicker.
In-office whitening normally takes 30 to 90 minutes. You will require 1 to 3 visits. The number will depend upon the approach used, how severe your stains are and how white you desire your teeth to be. Various types of discolorations react in a different way to the treatment.
First, your dental expert will apply a substance that covers and secures the gums around the teeth. Then, the whitening agent will be put on the teeth.
Some bleaching agents are activated by a laser light, unique lights or by the heat from these lights. After the whitening representative is used, the dentist will shine the light on your teeth. If they are badly discolored, your dental practitioner might suggest that you continue the whitening process at home for a couple of days or weeks.
Related article: Cost of laser teeth whitening.
For at home whitening, your dental practitioner will take impressions of your upper and lower teeth and will make customized mouthpieces to fit you. The mouth piece has to fit well. A close fit helps the whitening representative remain in contact with your teeth.
At home, you will fill each mouthpiece with a bleaching gel your dental professional supplies. You will use the mouth piece for numerous hours every day. Many individuals attain the quantity of bleaching they desire within a week or 2. Nevertheless, you might need to use the mouthpiece for 4 weeks or longer.
You likewise can buy whitening products nonprescription. They include a weaker whitening agent than the items you can get from your dental practitioner. For that reason, bleaching may take longer. The bleaching agent is applied as a gel positioned in a mouthpiece or as a strip that adheres to your teeth. Non-prescription mouth pieces fit less safely than the kind you obtain from your dental expert.
Whitening toothpastes are readily available as well. They include abrasives that get rid of discolorations on the enamel.
Non-Vital Whitening at Dentist
Essential whitening may not improve the appearance of a tooth that has had root-canal treatment because the stain is originating from the inside of the tooth. If this holds true, your dental practitioner will use a different procedure that bleaches the tooth from the inside. He or she will place a whitening agent inside the tooth and put a temporary filling over it. The tooth will be left this way for numerous days. You might require this done only once, or it can be repeated until the tooth reaches the desired shade.
If you discover that your gums are white or sore, follow up with your dental practitioner.
Whitening is not a permanent solution. The stains will come back. If you smoke or consume a lot of staining foods or beverages, you might see the brightness begin to fade in just one month. If you prevent these sources of staining, you might not require another whitening treatment for 6 to 12 months.
Re-whitening can be done in the dentist’s workplace or at home. If you have a customized mouth piece and bleaching agent at home, you can whiten your teeth as frequently as you need to. Discuss your whitening schedule with your dental practitioner. You can discuss what whitening products would work best for you.
What Are the Dangers During or After Teeth Whitening Procedure at Dentist?
Bleaching is not likely to cause severe side effects, although some individuals’s teeth may become more sensitive for a short while. You might get moderate gum irritation also. Women need to not have their teeth whitened while pregnant. The result of the whitening materials on the development of the fetus is not known. Given that the procedure is cosmetic, it must be postponed until after delivery.
If you feel your teeth would benefit from whitening, call your dental practitioner to talk about the procedure.