Bleeding gums are frequently a sign of gum disease, but can likewise point to a number of other illness also. Periodic bleeding of the gums can be the result of brushing your teeth too intensely or using dentures that do not fit correctly.
Regular episodes of gum bleeding, nevertheless, can show more major conditions, such as:
- periodontitis (an innovative type of gum disease).
- leukemia (cancer of the blood).
- vitamin shortage.
- lack of clotting cells (platelets).
Bleeding Gums Due to Vitamin Deficiency
Shortages of vitamins C and K can likewise cause gums to bleed quickly. However, vitamin deficiencies aren’t typically seen in people who reside in developed countries, inning accordance with the Linus Pauling Institute. This is due to the fact that healthy children and adults residing in established areas of the world have access to vitamins C and K through food and supplements.
Ask your doctor to examine your levels of vitamins C and K if you encounter bleeding gums that aren’t caused by incorrect dental care. Follow a diet that contains both of these nutrients to make sure that you’re getting the vitamins you have to stay healthy.
Foods rich in vitamin C consist of:
- citrus fruits and juices.
- bell peppers.
Foods abundant in vitamin K include:
- Swiss chard.
- mustard greens.
- canola oil.
- olive oil.
Dental Conditions That Can Cause Bleeding Gums
Dental care problems are the primary reason for bleeding gums. Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and periodontitis make your gums sensitive and more susceptible to bleeding.
Many people develop gingivitis when plaque remains on the gum line for too long. Plaque refers to the debris and bacteria that stick to your teeth. Brushing your teeth eliminates plaque and can prevent you from establishing cavities, also known as cavities. Plaque might stay on your gum line, however, if you do not brush and floss properly. The build-up of plaque near your gums can cause gingivitis.
Symptoms of gingivitis include:
- puffy gums.
- pain in the mouth and around the gums.
- bleeding gums.
Periodontal disease, or periodontitis, can happen when gingivitis continues to a sophisticated stage. Gum disease is the infection of the gums, jawbone, and supportive tissues that link your teeth and gums. Periodontitis can cause your teeth to loosen or fall out.
Other Causes of Bleeding Gums
People who wear dentures likewise may experience bleeding of the gums from time to time. This is more likely when the dentures are too small or healthy too tightly. Consult your dental expert or orthodontist if dentures or other oral devices are triggering your gums to bleed. You may need to take brand-new impressions to develop a better-fitting mouth piece.
Pregnancy is a typical reason for gum bleeding in women. The hormone modifications that take place during pregnancy can cause the gums to end up being more sensitive.
Bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia and leukemia, can likewise increase your possibility of bleeding gums. Your gums might bleed regularly if you take blood-thinning medications. Drugs in this class consist of warfarin, aspirin, and heparin.
Treatment of Bleeding Gums
Excellent dental health is the initial step to managing bleeding gums. Visit your dental professional twice yearly for an expert cleansing. Your dental expert will let you know if you have gingivitis and teach you how to brush your teeth effectively. Proper brushing and flossing can get rid of plaque from your gum line, reducing your risk of establishing periodontal disease.
Your dentist might likewise advise you to use an antiseptic mouthwash to decrease the plaque that forms in your mouth. A rinse of warm salt water can help relieve swollen gums that bleed quickly.
Use a soft tooth brush that is mild on irritated gums, particularly if you experience bleeding after brushing your teeth. Medium and difficult bristles may be too abrasive for your delicate gums. You may likewise consider utilizing an electrical toothbrush. The specifically designed brush heads on these toothbrushes can assist you to clean your gum line more easily than a manual toothbrush.
Arrange a consultation with your primary care provider to figure out if dental health is not the underlying concern causing your bleeding gums. A total physical examination and blood work can assist identify the reason for your bleeding. Treatment will differ according to your condition.