The use of ultrasonic toothbrushes is appreciated by those for whom clean and healthy teeth are important, but often visit the dentist is not possible. The ultrasonic wave toothbrushes help you deal better with tartar and prolong your dental visits without harming your teeth.
The first toothbrush appeared two and a half centuries ago. Since then, this means of hygiene are constantly being improved, performing sometimes very radical modifications. One of the most interesting inventions dated 1939 – then was created by an electric toothbrush. Another useful innovation – the ultrasonic model – appeared in 1992.
How Ultrasound Is Used for Brushing Teeth
The development of the ultrasonic brush began after scientists proved that the waves of this length destroy harmful microorganisms.
In modern models, the ultrasonic wave is created by a mechanism inside the handle, which transmits vibrations to the piezo-ceramic plates. The resulting ultrasound has a destructive effect on plaque and pathogenic bacteria.
Many people wonder if ultrasound is harmful to the human body. Dozens of independent studies have shown that if the volume is no more than 120 dB there is no harm. Brushes (even the most powerful ones) have a maximum volume of 40 dB.
The Main Advantages of Ultrasonic Toothbrush
When choosing an oral hygiene product, the first question that arises is, “What type of brush is better to use – conventional, electric, sonic or ultrasonic?”
When using a conventional (manual) brush, the effectiveness depends entirely on how well the person brushes their teeth.
An electric toothbrush creates a bottom-up vibration of the bristles. Brushing is very easy, but there is a risk of damaging tooth enamel and mucosa. Brushing can also result in bacteria getting under the gum where they will continue their destructive actions.
Sonic brush – an intermediate between manual and ultrasonic brush. Its vibration (up to 20 kHz) helps break down microorganisms, but it requires some physical effort as well.
An ultrasonic toothbrush is as effective as an electric toothbrush. It completely destroys bacteria and removes plaque, but it also targets soft tissue and gum pockets. Ultrasound also prevents the appearance of microbes on the bristles.
American scientists from Case Western University School of Dentistry determined through an experiment that ultrasonic brushes are most effective in removing plaque, preventing bleeding gums and treating gingivitis. Their advantage in these aspects over conventional models is 200 to 450%!
Ultrasonic Toothbrush: Indications
The ultrasonic brush has no contraindications, as it does not cause any harm to the body. This means of hygiene are useful for a variety of problems with teeth or gums: if you have braces or dentures, the presence of periodontal disease, etc.
Here are some of the problems the ultrasonic toothbrush successfully solves:
- Preventing the formation of tartar. Prevention of this disease includes the removal of plaque from coffee and nicotine. Special cone-shaped nozzles help remove even heavy plaque.
- Gum health. Ultrasonic waves penetrate up to 6 mm or sometimes up to 12 mm into the gums and destroy pathogenic bacteria. Thanks to this effect increases the intensity of microcirculation Ultrasound prevents the appearance of gingivitis, periodontitis, stomatitis and other diseases. To care for problem gums in conjunction with ultrasound is often used irrigator.
- Eliminates bad breath. Removal of harmful microorganisms leads to the disappearance of unpleasant odor. The cleanliness of the bristles ensures that these bacteria are not reintroduced into the mouth when brushing again.
- Cleaning of placed implants and dentures. Ultrasound penetrates the soft tissues and destroys the buildup of bacteria under the gums at the denture site. Toothbrushes have power that is safe for orthopedic structures. Only a professional scaler, which is used in dental clinics to remove tartar, can harm them.
- Convenient maintenance of braces. There is no risk of bristles getting stuck in the structure. Ultrasound removes plaque in hard-to-reach places – under the arches and locks.
- Assistance in recovery after surgery (tooth extractions, implants). Under the influence of ultrasound wounds heal much faster.
Using an Ultrasonic Toothbrush
The main difference between the ultrasonic model from toothbrushes with another principle of action – the absence of the usual brushing movements. After all, in this case there is no need for mechanical action to remove plaque.
The procedure consists of several steps:
- The head of the brush is moistened with running water;
- for 5-10 seconds is applied to each of the groups of teeth to be cleaned;
- after cleaning, the brush is rinsed with water and the mouth is rinsed.
There are recommendations to use in conjunction with ultrasound toothpaste – it enhances the effect of cleaning. But it is not necessary to do so.
What Is the Most Effective Ultrasonic Toothbrush?
Many models of ultrasonic brushes are well proven by users. Popular ones are: SMILEX, MEGASONEX, Donfeel, Emmi-Dent, ASAHI IRICA, ULTRASONEX. Their differences lie in the design, the specific structure of the bristles and the frequency of ultrasound.
Each brush has an individual design, its own characteristics of bristles and the frequency of sound waves. But the only device that operates with 100% ultrasound is the Emmi-dent model, created by reputable medical innovator Hugo Hoselfelder. Its power is 0.2 Watts, the number of ultrasonic vibrations – 96 per minute. This brush destroys plaque and harmful bacteria without creating any health hazards.
For this model is created and a special toothpaste. Its principle of action is radically different from conventional means of hygiene. Do not apply the paste on the brush, but on the outer and inner side of the teeth. The toothpaste, foamed by ultrasound in the form of nanobubbles, penetrates into places hard to reach with ordinary bristles and destroys accumulated there and inside the gums harmful bacteria.
Emmi-dent is not one of the cheapest brushes, but it is totally worth the purchase price.