Swollen Gums Around a Tooth

Swollen Gum Around a Tooth Causes and Prevention

Swollen gums around a tooth also called pericoronitis. When brushing your teeth in front of the mirror, it prevails to all of a sudden spot something you didn’t observe in the past. How, for example, could a swollen gum around one tooth form? Is there anything you can do about it? There are a couple of factors a gum can swell in one area, including an abscessed tooth, gum disease and incorrect brushing or flossing. Here are some causes of this common issue and what to do if it takes place to you.

What Causes Swollen Gums Around a Tooth

Hygienic Mishaps

If there is swelling around simply one tooth in your mouth, it might be due to the fact that you didn’t brush or floss correctly– which can leave behind food debris that causes decay and swelling in the overlooked area. In time, this inadequate oral health can cause gum disease as well. Be on the lookout for pale, red or swollen gums, along with bleeding while brushing, pus coming from the tooth, a loose tooth or consistent bad breath and taste.

Gum Disease

A typical culprit for a swollen gum around one tooth, gum disease is a prevalent condition for which you must be on guard each time you brush. Practically half of U.S. adults 30 and older have some kind of gum disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. And in its earliest stages, its symptoms appear as red and swollen gums that, although pain-free, may still bleed. As the disease advances, it can cause loose teeth due to gums that have pulled away in particular spots.

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Abscessed Tooth

An abscessed tooth is very common cause of regional gum swelling and suggests you have an infection in or around your tooth. Often this can come from an unattended cavity that causes bacteria to spread out throughout your tooth and infect it. Remember it can cause inflammation and eventually cost you the tooth if left without treatment. Telltale signs include throbbing pain, red or swollen gums, a swollen jaw or face, a tender or sore tooth, a fever and even a salty taste in your mouth. Since treatment is required for an abscessed tooth, your dental expert might offer you antibiotics for the infection, a root canal to get rid of the infected pulp or extract the tooth entirely depending upon the severity.

Swollen Gums Around Wisdom Tooth

Ohh, it’s happen. You inform your dentist: ‘my gums are swollen around my wisdom tooth‘. Pericoronitis can develop when wisdom teeth just partially emerge (break through the gum). This allows an opening for bacteria to enter around the tooth and cause an infection. In cases of swollen gums around wisdom tooth, food or plaque (a bacterial film that remains on teeth after consuming) may get captured below a flap of gum around the tooth. If it stays there, it can aggravate the gum and cause swollen gums around wisdom tooth. If the pericoronitis is severe, the swelling and infection might extend beyond the jaw to the cheeks and neck.

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What Are the Symptoms of Swollen and Painful Gums Around Wisdom Tooth

Symptoms include:

  • Painful, swollen gum tissue in the area of the affected tooth. It can be tough to bite down comfortably without catching the swollen tissue between your teeth.
  • A bad odor or taste in the mouth
  • Discharge of pus from the gum near the tooth

More serious symptoms include:

  • Swollen lymph nodes under your chin (the submandibular nodes).
  • Muscle spasms in the jaw.
  • Swelling on the affected side of the face.

How to Prevent Swollen Gums Around a Tooth

It’s insufficient to simply brush your teeth twice a day; flossing in between your teeth and utilizing an effective. In addition, make certain you’re brushing, flossing and rinsing with appropriate tools and technique. If you have a large space between two teeth, for example, an interdental brush can assist clean up between them. Naturally, you should be going for your dental examinations two times a year not only so your dental expert can inspect the total health of your teeth, but whether your gums have actually declined or begun to swell.

A healthy mouth and stunning smile depend on how much care you put into both your teeth and gums. Start with oral care at home and follow it up with semiannual dental expert sees to make sure your mouth health is uninterrupted from ear to ear.

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Treatments for Swollen Gums Around a Tooth

If the pericoronitis is restricted to the tooth (for example, if the pain and swelling has actually not spread), treat it by rinsing your mouth with warm salt water. You must likewise ensure that the gum flap has no food caught under it.

If your tooth, jaw, and cheek are swollen and painful, see your dental expert right away. She or he can treat the infection with antibiotics (normally penicillin, unless you are allergic). You can likewise take painkiller such as aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen. The dental practitioner may also recommend a pain medication.


Antibiotics eliminate bacteria. Plaque consists of bacteria, so antibiotics will minimize the quantity of plaque in your mouth. This can reverse gum disease and permit your gums to heal.

Dental practitioners prescribe antibiotics in various types to treat gum disease. They can be used directly on the gums (topical), swallowed as tablets or capsules, swished around on your teeth as mouthwash, or placed into the pockets of advanced gum disease. Some medicated tooth pastes consist of an anti-bacterial active ingredient that lowers plaque and gingivitis when used regularly. Ask your dentist if this kind of product would assist you.

Antibiotics for Swollen Gums / Gum Disease

Generic Name Brand Name
chlorhexidine gluconate Peridex, Periogard
clindamycin Cleocin
doxycycline Periostat
metronidazole Flagyl
triclosan Colgate Total toothpaste

Sustained-release Antibiotics for Swollen Gums Around a Tooth

Generic Name Brand Name
chlorhexidine gluconate PerioChip
doxycycline hyclate Atridox
minocycline Arestin
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