When grooves develop in the tongue, the condition is called scrotal tongue. It makes the tongue look wrinkled. Scrotal tongue has other names, too. It also is called furrowed tongue, lingua fissurata, lingua plicata, lingua scrotalis, plicated tongue or grooved tongue.
Fissured tongue affects the top surface of the tongue and often extends out to the edges of the tongue. The size and depth of the cracks differ and when particularly large and deep the fissures or grooves may be adjoined, separating the top surface of the tongue into what may appear like a number of lobules.
The tongue can have many grooves or a single groove down the middle with others branching off from it. Scrotal tongue impacts 2% to 5% of the population of the United States. Rates in other countries vary. Nevertheless, one study reported that the condition is discovered in up to 21% of individuals worldwide.
Individuals normally are born with this condition, but might not notice it right away. It gets more visible as you age.
Sometimes, scrotal tongue happens as an outcome of infection or bad nutrition. It also is seen in people with specific health conditions. These consist of:
- Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome: This neurological condition likewise consists of facial nerve palsy and swelling of the face, specifically the lips.
- Down syndrome
- Benign migratory glossitis, or geographical tongue: People with this condition have patches of smooth or bald tongue along with rougher areas where the taste are regular.
Symptoms of Scrotal Tongue
Scrotal tongue is a harmless condition. It normally has no symptoms. Sometimes, if the grooves are deep enough, you might get a burning experience when you eat certain spicy or acidic foods. This is relatively unusual, nevertheless. If the grooves are deep enough, they may harbor nests of bacteria or little bits of food. This can cause bad breath or fungal infections of the tongue.
Scrotal Tongue Diagnosis
Generally, people do not even know they have scrotal tongue till their dental professional informs them. Your dental professional or doctor can identify this condition by looking at your tongue.
Scrotal tongue is a long-lasting condition. There is no chance to prevent the issue (according to medical experience).
Treatment for Scrotal Tongue
There is no treatment for scrotal tongue. If your tongue burns when you eat, you should avoid the foods that trouble you. How to scrotal tongue cured? This should include cleaning your tongue daily with your tooth brush or a tongue scraper. You can purchase these in drugstores.
Check with your dentist if the grooves become uneasy. Scrotal tongue is a lifelong condition, but it generally does not cause discomfort or problems.