Parotitis Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Parotitis

Parotitis is the medical term that is offered to the infection and inflammation of the salivary glands. The salivary glands are also known as your “parotid glands.”

These glands are buried in the back of each of your cheeks, simply listed below and in front of your ears. You can get an infection and swelling in one or both of the glands. Your salivary glands are accountable for producing saliva, which is necessary in keeping your mouth clean. If you have an inflammation in those glands, their ability to work correctly decreases and might result in an infection in your mouth. It can affect any age, gender, or race.

Symptoms of Parotitis

When your parotid glands are swollen and inflamed, a variety of symptoms can occur, and they can differ in strength with everyone. There are some patients who do not even recognize they have parotitis, while others have severe pain and swelling.

Neck and throat symptoms:

  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty opening the mouth
  • Dry mouth
  • Fever
  • Facial or mouth pain, especially while consuming
  • Inflammation over the upper neck or the side of the face
  • Sore throat
  • Swelling in the jaw area, particularly in front of the ears or on the floor of the mouth
  • Headache

Symptoms that may show a condition that is major:

  • Problem breathing
  • Problem swallowing
  • High fever (over 101 degrees Fahrenheit).

Causes of Parotitis

There are many different causes of parotitis:

  • Bacterial infections – This cause is more common in elderly people because they frequently take medication that can cause dry mouth. If your flow of saliva is reduced, bacteria can gather and grow in television the saliva travels through to get from the parotid gland to your mouth, causing an infection.
  • Salivary stone in your parotid glands – If this occurs, your saliva circulation is blocked and can sometimes lead to an infection and having swollen gland(s).
  • Mucus plugs – When your parotid glands make saliva it is with mucus, and if the mouth is dry it causes the mucus to thicken, which can decrease, or perhaps block the flow of your saliva.
  • Viral infections – The most typical viral infection used to be mumps, however due to vaccinations it is uncommon to obtain mumps today.
  • AIDS – Around five out of every one hundred individuals who have HIV/AIDS have issues with their parotid glands.
  • Tumors – This is not normally malignant, but a tumor can obstruct the flow of your saliva.
  • Certain medical conditions – Although these medical conditions do not cause an infection, they can cause issues with your parotid glands. A few of these medical conditions include bulima, diabetes, and alcoholism.

Diagnosis

The first thing that needs to be done prior to treatment can be begun is to find out what is causing the swelling of your parotid glands and causing parotitis. The physician will analyze your glands for pain and inflammation symptoms. If the skin over the gland area is warm and red along with the area aching and tender, you have probably have an infection in your parotid gland. In order to confirm the cause is the physician will do imaging tests such as a CT scan, MRI, or X-ray, and also order blood work to eliminate growths, stones, or other problems. Once the physician has the outcomes, then they can figure out the right treatment.

Is Parotitis Contagious?

Some types of parotitis are contagious from individual to individual through casual contact. Parotitis has subtypes that are thought about contagious and also has subtypes that are not contagious. Normally the disease can be transferred by saliva, air, cough, fecal-oral path, surface areas, blood, needles, blood transfusions, sexual contact, mom to fetus, and so on, however not ALL subtypes.

Treatment for Parotitis

If the swelling is from bacterial parotitis or other type of infection, the physician will normally prescribe a course of antibiotic treatment. If there are stones, then the doctor will recommend that they be eliminated using a surgical method that is non-invasive. Small stones can be removed with a probe, but the larger stones will probably need surgery. Some of the salivary stones can be pulled out with tweezers or eliminated. There are some people who have a lot of these salivary stones. If you have the preliminary stages of a tumor, the physician will start you on a medication to assist slow down, and maybe even stop, the condition. If it is necessary there is surgery to excise the gland( s) affected. You may likewise need surgery to drain any infected material from the salivary glands.

At home you have to concentrate on lowering the tenderness and swelling in addition to handling the symptoms of pain, if you have any.

Here are some more treatments you can do at home:

  • Drink plenty of water, and remain well hydrated.
  • Apply warm compresses to the swollen areas.
  • You can gargle with warm salt water four times daily.
  • If you have actually an obstructed parotid gland you can gently massage the gland( s) that are impacted to assist return the normal flow of saliva to your mouth.
  • If the cause is a mucus plug, you can make more saliva by consuming a lot of water together with drawing on sugar-free, sour hard sweets.
  • For pain you can take non-prescription “nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications,” such as ibuprofen, naproxen, Advil, etc. If the pain is severe, your physician may recommend a narcotic painkiller for short-term use.
  • You must also practice excellent oral hygiene by brushing and flossing at least two times a day to assist with the healing, and to help avoid the infection from dispersing.

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