Oral pyogenic granuloma is a relatively typical sore that appears in the mouth as an overgrowth of oral tissues. Frequently also referred to as “Granuloma gravidarum” and “Pregnancy growth”, it can be discovered somewhere else on the surface area of skin and include the septum of the nose.
The term “pyogenic granuloma” is misguiding due to the fact that it is not a true granuloma It was originally used since the identical sore on skin was thought to be a response to infection by pyogenic (pus making) organisms. In reality, it consists of numerous dilated capillary in a loose swollen connective tissue stroma, which is typically quite prone to bleeding.
Causes of Oral Pyogenic Granuloma
The oral pyogenic granuloma happen over a wide age range however women are most likely impacted by oral pyogenic granulomas than males with a peak incidence in women of child-bearing age. Sores occurring in pregnant women can develop at any time from the first to the ninth month, although onset is typically seen around the end of the 3rd trimester.
Although most of oral pyogenic granuloma in mouth is seen on the gums, more frequently in the front area of the upper jaw, the lesion can happen at other sites, for instance the tongue and inner cheek as an outcome of trauma.
Main causes of dental pyogenic granuloma are:
- Inflammation to the oral tissues
- Physical trauma
- Poor oral health
Signs and Symptoms of Oral Pyogenic Granuloma
Pyogenic granuloma and pregnancy epulis are relatively soft, deep reddish-purple harmless single swellings on the gums which are often extensively ulcerated. Pregnancy epulis is considered as pyogenic granuloma on the gums happening in a pregnant woman. Normally no bigger than 2 cm, the granulomas are pain-free and may bleed easily on its own or if disturbed. The distinction in between these two sores is simply clinical for they look like each other under the microscope. They slowly increase in size, but might regress spontaneously or decrease in size after delivery of baby and become fibrotic.
Pyogenic granuloma during pregnancy or pregnancy tumors are single, tumor-like, soft tissue developments normally seen on the gums region between teeth and usually seen with associated pregnancy gingivitis (inflammation of the gums). They are attached by means of a stem with intense red to deep purple color, depending upon the blood supply of the sore and the degree of blood stagnation.
They normally fall back after delivery of baby and are typically related to poor oral hygiene. In addition pregnancy graunulomas are attributed to the general results of progesterone and estrogen on the host immune system.
Peripheral ossifying fibroma and peripheral huge cell granuloma, are medically identical to the pyogenic granuloma when they occur on the gums though oral pyogenic granuloma is the more typical sore of the lot. The pyogenic granuloma can occur throughout the mouth, whereas the peripheral ossifying fibroma and peripheral giant cell granuloma only take place on the gums or on the soft tissues covering the jaw bone. All three sores share the very same appearance, treatment and prognosis.
Treatment for Oral Pyogenic Granuloma
There is normally no treatment for oral pyogenic granuloma during pregnancy since the lesion may recover spontaneously or decrease in size after delivery of baby. Management of the lesion is to wait until after delivery for surgical removal as control of bleeding may be difficult after pyogenic granuloma elimination however fibrosis of the lesion, following birth of the child, lowers the issue.
Nevertheless circumstances may determine immediate removal when the granuloma hurts, when it disrupts the position of teeth, when it bleeds quickly or for aesthetic factors. Reoccurring bleeding pyogenic granuloma is controlled by cauterization (sealing of the ends of the capillary utilizing heat or freeze to coagulate blood). If surgical removal is necessary, it is best to remove it during the second trimester because of the low risk to the fetus during this time duration. The recurrence rate is higher for oral pyogenic granulomas gotten rid of during pregnancy for that reason an additional surgery might be needed after delivery.
Besides pyogenic granuloma surgery, the dead tissues on the afflicted area are cleared and expert cleaning (scaling) of the nearby teeth is done to eliminate any source of inflammation, for example plaque or tartar. Good oral hygiene needs to be practiced to avoid any further recurrence.
When to see a doctor or dentist
Oral pyogenic granuloma need to be dealt with just if:
- Aesthetic appeals is of issue
- Lesion is painful
- Sore is interrupting the position of teeth
- There is persistent bleeding of the lesion