A periapical cyst, which is often referred to as a cyst in the area surrounding or beneath a tooth root, is a common type of cyst that affects the mouth area. These cysts form when the pulp of a tooth becomes infected, typically due to dental decay, injury, or past dental treatments. The infection causes inflammation, which can ultimately result in the formation of a cyst.
Common Causes of Periapical Cysts
- Dental Caries: If cavities are not treated, bacteria can enter the pulp and cause an infection.
- Trauma: Damage or harm to a tooth can result in the pulp tissue dying, which can then cause the formation of a cyst.
- Failed Root Canal Treatment: Occasionally, even after undergoing root canal treatment, there may still be leftover infected substances that could cause the formation of a cyst.
- Tooth Abscess: If an infection from a tooth starts to spread, it can result in the creation of a cyst in the tissue surrounding the tooth’s root.
If you have a cyst located close to the root of your tooth, here are some steps you can take:
1. Consult a Dentist
Having an accurate diagnosis is crucial. A periapical cyst can be diagnosed by a dentist or an endodontist through clinical evaluation and imaging techniques like X-rays or a CT scan.
2. Treatment Options
Depending on the cyst’s size and severity, the treatments that may be suggested include…
|Root Canal Therapy
|The purpose of this process is to preserve the tooth by eliminating the infected pulp and closing off the tooth to prevent any future infections.
|A more invasive technique involves surgically removing the root tip and the infected tissue surrounding it.
|Sometimes, the entire cyst is taken out through surgery, and there are instances where apicoectomy may be done as well if the tooth root is involved.
|In cases where the tooth cannot be saved, it may be necessary to remove it, and this procedure may also include removal of the cyst.
3. Follow-Up Care
It is essential to adhere to the instructions given after a procedure and to attend scheduled appointments for the evaluation of healing.
4. Preventive Measures
Maintaining good oral hygiene is crucial in preventing cavities and injuries. Regular dental examinations can help identify problems at an early stage.
5. Consider Future Dental Work
The extraction of a tooth may require the use of a dental implant or bridge in order to regain normal functioning.
Acknowledging the significance of immediate medical intervention
If you choose to ignore a cyst, it can spread an infection and potentially cause more severe issues, such as harm to nearby bones and teeth. Therefore, it is crucial to seek immediate dental care if you believe you have a cyst close to a tooth’s root in order to protect your oral health and avoid any possible complications.